What is the purpose of a loan policy?
A current and effective loan policy is a tool to help management ensure that a bank’s lending function is operating within established risk tolerances. Such a policy is more likely to be consulted and followed by staff and contributes to uniform and consistent board-approved practices.
How do you write a loan policy?
To draft a Loan Agreement, you should include the following:
- The addresses and contact information of all parties involved.
- The conditions of use of the loan (what the money can be used for)
- Any repayment options.
- The payment schedule.
- The interest rates.
- The length of the term.
- Any collateral.
- The cancellation policy.
What are the major components of a loan policy?
All loans consist of three components: The interest rate, security component and term.
What is the lending process?
The lending process is a relatively straightforward series of activities involving two principal parties whose association ranges from the initial loan request to the successful or unsuccessful repayment of the loan.
What are the influencing factors of loan policy?
The result of the analysis has discovered nine underlying factors such as Project’s Potentiality, Experience, Viability of Project, Guarantee, Risk, Repayment History, Priority Sector, Age and Relationship with the Bank on the basis of which Bankers make the decision about the loan approval.
In what ways are policy loans different from other types of loans?
Life insurance policy loans are secured by the cash value and death benefit of your permanent life insurance policy. Unlike life insurance policy loans, home mortgages, and automobile loans, a personal loan gives the lender no collateral. (Collateral is what you agree your lender can take if you don’t repay your loan.)
What should a good written loan policy contain?
A good written bank loan policy should contain the characteristics and goals of the loan portfolio, the authorities and responsibilities of loaning officers, and clearly laid down operating procedures for loaning funds. It should provide details of the required documentation and collateral.
What is a bank loan policy?
The loan policy should clearly communicate the strategic goals and objectives of the bank, as well as define the types of loan exposures acceptable to the institution, loan approval authority, loan limits, loan underwriting criteria, and several other guidelines.
What is credit policy?
A credit policy contains guidelines that structure the amount of credit granted to customers, as well as how collections are to be conducted for delinquent accounts. … It covers the normal payment terms that the company will allow to its customers, and the circumstances under which alternative terms are allowed.
How do the banking organization develop their loan policy?
In order to outline loan policy elements, the bank should have a consistent lending strategy, identifying the types of loans that are permissible and those that are impermissible. Along with identifying the types of loans, the bank will and will not underwrite regardless of permissibility.
What are the four most important components of a loan?
Principal, interest, taxes, and insurance form the four (4) basic components of a mortgage that require payments on a monthly or yearly basis.
Who is responsible in the preparation of loan guidelines?
The Application Process
If the loan is approved, the loan officer is responsible for preparing the appropriate documentation and the loan closing documents.